Believe it or not, you don’t need to fly all the way to New Zealand to experience Hobbiton. The charming town of Charlevoix, Michigan has their own collection of mushroom houses that transport you directly to Middle Earth. Charlevoix is located in Northern Michigan and attracts tourists from around the world to tour the hobbit houses that have dotted the town since before the Great Depression. Have you ever wondered what it would be like to walk through Hobbiton from The Lord of the Rings? The Earl Young Mushroom houses have made Charlevoix one of the most popular places to visit in Michigan.
Charlevoix Mushroom Houses Michigan
Charlevoix Michigan is a 4-hour drive from Detroit and a 2 hour drive from Sault Ste. Marie in Ontario, Canada.
Charlevoix Historical Society
Our tour started at the Charlevoix Historical Society Museum where we perused historical photos and artifacts from the area. A unique piece of nostalgia was Hemingway’s original marriage license with his first wife, Hadley Richardson.
The museum itself is inside a historic building. The Harsha House was built in 1891 and was transformed into a museum in 1979. It’s a perfect start to set the tone for your walking tour through the mushroom houses built by local architect Earl A. Young.
Earl Young Houses of Charlevoix
The mushroom houses of Charlevoix truly began to take shape in 1924 when local designer Earl Young purchased Bartholomew’s Boulder Park.It was three years later in 1927 that he began work on his first mushroom home design, Boulder Manor.
Located along Lakeshore Drive, Boulder Manor was Earl Young’s private residence. Sadly, Young had it nearly finished when the Great Depression hit, but he had construction was stopped and he lost his manor in 1929.
He did, however, regain it in 1937 and finished the beautiful Boulder Manor transformed into a beautiful mid- -century modern design in the early 1940s.
Hobbit Homes in Michigan
Earl Young designed 30 unique homes over a 54 year period. 28 buildings are still standing in Charlevoix and in recent years, visitors have been drawn to the area to take a tour of the unique structures.
You can buy a guidebook from the museum for a few dollars and tour the houses on your own. But we recommend booking a guided tour with the museum staff where you will get personal stories and insider information. We thoroughly enjoyed learning about the history of the mushroom houses of Charlevoix and the works of Earl Young.
It’s an easy walk through the streets and we were surprised to find that the Earl Young mushroom houses are owned by the private citizens who live in them. We had to make sure not to disrupt their everyday lives, so it was important to stay off the property and simply enjoy the view from the road.
- Note: You can now book a vacation rental in several of the mushroom houses. Check prices on TripAdvisor
304 Park Avenue – Our Favorite Mushroom House
Our favorite mushroom house was the first house Earl Young built. This house was built before he purchased the land at boulder manor but it is close to his other Charlevoix houses.
Oddly enough 304 Park Avenue doesn’t look at all like his original design. He built it in 1919 before he started his trend of the mushroom designs. It was remodeled in 2015 to look more like a mushroom than any of the other houses in the area.
Locals are split between hating it and loving it. We side with the latter half. It was exactly what we were hoping for when thinking about Hobbit Houses in Michigan. I actually half expected Frodo to walk out and offer me a second breakfast.
The Half House is probably the next best example of a Hobbit House. This definitely looked like it was plucked right out of Hobbiton. but this time it’s the real deal. No remodeling or new design has been done to it.
Built in 1947, the half house remains the same as it was in its original design. I don’t think I need to explain why it is called the Half House. When looking at this house, it is clear that it looks like a house cut in half.
As we walked further down the treelined street, we explored several more Earl Young houses. The original Mushroom House was the first house to catch tourists’ eyes. It was completed in 1954 and the name caught on because Young designed it to resemble a huge button mushroom.
Up until 304 Park Avenue was remodeled, this was the most photographed house in Charlevoix. The owners are obviously very aware of that, as they’ve put a lot of landscaping in front of their house in recent years to keep the tourists farther away.
306 Park Avenue
This house is located right beside the remodelled home and while it doesn’t look as impressive as the modern mushroom, it is quite the huge home. You don’t notice how big it is until you walk along the street behind it and see the terraced steps leading down from the hill above.
This was Earl Young’s second private residence and you can understand why he chose to live here. The layers of stone blend beautifully with the land.
This home shows a good illustration of Young’s style of layering stone in curved designs, including stone fireplaces, and shingle roofs melding seamlessly with the landscape.
Abide – Another Beautiful Charlevoix House
This house on the corner is a tiny spot that looks as if it is starting to be overrun by the nature. But it was actually designed to be a part of the landscape. Similar to the designs of Frank Lloyd Wright, Young also utilized the land and scenery around him.
Built in 1938, this house took Young’s technique of building around nature to a whole new level. The trees and land that surround it seem to almost be a part of the house.
If there is one Earl Young Mushroom House that looks like something right out of a fairytale, this one is it. All that’s missing here is the thatch roof and some hobbits.
The final house we saw on our guided tour was the Sucher House. It is the largest mushroom house designed by Young and was built for the CEO of the Speedway 79 gasoline company. You’ll see a lot of stone fencing in the area, and this house shows the stacked stone fencing that is quintessential Young design.
It’s no wonder the Earl Young Mushroom Houses of Charlevoix attract visitors from around the world.
These architectural designs are works of art. What is even more fascinating is that Earl Young was self taught. He had no formal training and built his houses by using horse and car to take materials that he gathered form the shores of Lake Michigan.
Having so many unique structures in one place is a rare thing. Sure you could visit Hobbiton in New Zealand, but that’s all make-believe. It’s just a film set. Charlevoix’s mushroom houses showcase the work of one man’s life over 50 years of service.
Located in northern Michigan on Lake Michigan, Early Young’s mushroom houses run along the lake shore and Park Avenue towards Round Lake.
Guided tours are offered daily at 10 am and 4pm by the Charlevoix Historical Society Museum.
Charlevoix is located on the North Shore of Lake Michigan a four-hour drive due north from Detroit.
Another popular place to visit besides the mushroom houses is Castle Farms, this is an extraordinary castles dating back to 1918 and was a popular music venue in the 1960s.
If you are a fan of architecture or interesting stories, this is an excellent stop when visiting the USA.
Get your map of Charlevoix mushroom houses guided tour.
12 thoughts on “Mushroom Houses of Charlevoix – All Hobbits Welcome to Michigan!”
Hi Debra and Dave,
I am the designer of the Thatch House you mentioned above, and I have to say I really appreciated your comments. Yes, there is a love – hate relationship in the town (sadly for me)… you can imagine I poured my heart into every aspect of the creation.
Again, thanks for the work you do and sharing,
With kind regards,
The way we have such strong ties to Charlevoix is because when my grandfather Lisle Shanahan graduated from Univ of Mich school of law he needed to find a job and somehow he learned that area needed a lawyer as around the turn of the century that area was still mostly wilderness and they needef a town lawyer. .his wife Mary Dunham Shanahan was a grade school teacher up there. ..im . not sure how she ended up thrte as she was from the outskirts of Detroit in the Adrian MI area and somehow she found out that they needed teachers there. .how my grandparents met I dont know either but they married and had my Uncle Edward who was born there in 1904 and then my dad came along in 1907
Beautiful article. I loved that 304 park avenue…..
Thank you! I’m glad you enjoyed it. It’s a very cool destination.
Can you please send me Mushroom House information & photos
Thanks, Jess Mueller
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Charlevoix added to the bucket list. Wouldn’t mind a mushroom house for myself either.
This is a really interesting post and it completely caught me off guard. How did you find yourselves in Charlevoix, MI? It’s a really beautiful area during Summer and Fall but avoid at all costs during winter!
I grew up in Charlevoix & graduated from Charlevoix High in 1951. I love the town & it doesn’t make any difference what season. I always found things to do & there is more around there now than there was when I lived there. I basically have been gone from there for many years. I love to come back & spend some time but it’s been awhile since I last saw it. I have always been intrigued by the Mushroom Houses. I also have enjoyed what used to be called The Loeb Farm. I miss Charlevoix a lot. My parents were Leslie & Emily Everts.
Love to walk the streets where these houses are …. and have a hundred times!
We vacation in the “half House” It was built for Earl Young’s daughter…who like her parents was very short. The counters were lower in the kitchen and I am 5’6″ and could barely stand upright in the shower…….and to look in the bathroom mirror I had to stoop down……..
It was very quaint and a fun place to stay…but yes beware of the tourist that do come and look in your windows…….The new owners have since remodeled the inside and it actually has two bedrooms…..they did fix up the upstairs and it is now functional………
Loved Our stay there. I went to high school in Charlevoix and lived down the street on Park Ave. So was very familiar with these houses……..and I would be one of those not happy with what they did to the house next door….#1….they took away the charm of Earl’s dream……..and now I understand this thatched roof failed and it is back to a shake roof……..but they did it “red”…..ugly…….Why can’t people leave history alone……..who are they to change the historical dream of the builder. The Historical Society needs a new CEO if this is what they do to History. Just my opinion….